COURSE INFORMATON
Course Title Code Semester L+P Hour Credits ECTS
Water Quality and Salinity TYP   403 7 2 3 4

Prerequisites and co-requisites
Recommended Optional Programme Components None

Language of Instruction Turkish
Course Level First Cycle Programmes (Bachelor's Degree)
Course Type
Course Coordinator Prof.Dr. Mustafa ÜNLÜ
Instructors
Prof.Dr.MUSTAFA ÜNLÜ1. Öğretim Grup:A
 
Assistants
Goals
Understanding the basic information about the effects of water quality on soil and plants Developing existing irrigation systems to protect fields from further damage on saline irrigation systems and the lesson also includes the necessary approaches to solve problems that may occur such as salinity and sodium.
Content
The nature and extent of agricultural salinity ,irrigation water analysis and classification, plant, water and soil salinity relationships of plant water and salt balance in the root zone, leaching requirement, salinity problem and the remedy, the improvement of saline-sodium soils, water pollution and the use of non-traditional water resources.

Learning Outcomes
1) Understands the main problems that can occur from using saline irrigation on soil and plants.
2) Understands how to protect the fields from further damage on saline irrigation conditions.
3) Comprehends the approaches to solve problems that may occur under saline irrigation such as salinity and sodification, and comprehends and carries simple laboratory studies.
4) Understands and comprehends the results of scientific articles about water quality and salinity.
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)


Course's Contribution To Program
NoProgram Learning OutcomesContribution
12345
1
Makes aplication of engineering design of irrigation systems and conducts tests about the materıals used ın these systems and preapares reports
2
Developes and implements strategies for wastewater, drainage water, runoff water such as treated waste water re-use of non-conventional water without adversely affecting the environment, makes laboratory analysis about saline alkali soils and water suita
X
3
Prepares project about soil and water structures, animal houses, storage structures and crop production structures. Analyzes in terms of static and strength. Determines the properties of materials used in construction and makes the relevant tests.
4
Designs crop production systems, controls environmental domestic conditions and operates, makes the selection of materials to be used, tests and prepares a report.
X
5
Designs and projects small dams, ponds. Prepares and implements flood action plans within the scope of integrated watershed management.
X
6
Developes and implement s strategies of sustainable water management for the purposes of protecting water resources and agricultural production.
X
7
Developes and implements irrigation programmes using the soil-plant-water relations and soil engineering properties
X
8
Prepares land consolidation projects and applies. Provides farm developing systems. Prepares and implements rural development projects.
X
9
Exposes the problems about soil and water conservation (erosion) and water harvesting, prepares and implements the project.
10
Etudes drainage of agricultural lands, plans drainage systems,prepares projects and makes aplications, selects materials to be used, tests and prepares a report
X
11
Plans activities related to operation, maintenance and repairs irrigation network,developes project formulations in monitoring and evaluations, operates the irrigation networks.
12
Works independently and takes responsibility
X
13
Has the ability to design and apply analytical, modelling and experimental researches,and acquires the skill of analyzing and interpreting the complex issiues occured during this process .
X
14
Creates effective solutions for sustainable agricultural production
X
15
Accesses to the resources in the field, uses of these resources and continuous self-improvement
X
16
Developes projects to protect natural resources like water,and offers the benefit to society, using the information of basic engineering, basic agricultural engineering and agricultural structures and irrigation engineering .
X
17
Has the ability to analyze problems ,make decisions and solve about professional subjects
X

Course Content
WeekTopicsStudy Materials _ocw_rs_drs_yontem
1 The nature and extent of agricultural salinity, salinity elements, salinity criteria, the extensity of the agricultural salinity problem , the effects of water and soil properties on the salinity the problem. Relevant sections of the course grade Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
2 Analysis and classification of irrigation water, w Sampling of irrigation water, analyzes and calculations of irrigation water, evaluation of the test results. Relevant sections of the course grade Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
Problem Solving
Homework
3 Classification of irrigation water, the chemical classifications are made according to the content, the classifications based on environmental impact, irrigation water classifications and giving homework issues. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory and internet browsing Lecture
Demonstration
Lab / Workshop
Problem Solving
4 Plant, water and soil salinity relationships, salinity, and life, the effects of salinity on the development of plant , osmotic effect, specific ion effects, toxic effects. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory
5 Enhancing Salt Resistance in Plants Control Systems, Salinity and Plant Yield Relations, Water Quality of Soil, Irrigation and Salinity Relations. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
Lab / Workshop
6 Plant water and salt balance in the root zone, salinity and drainage, water and salt balance of a single-layer soil profile, plant water-salt balance in the root zone. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
7 The effect of Capilary Rise on leaching and irrigation, the salt balance of the four-layer soil profile, leaching and giving homework issues. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
8 Mid-term exam Mid-term exam Testing
9 Leaching requirement for irrigation , the use of leaching water, in drainage, Leaching time, Leaching efficiency. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Demonstration
10 Salinity problem ,elimination of the salinity problem ,saline soils, sodium soils, saline-sodium soils, boron soils. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
Problem Solving
11 Textbook and recognition, improving degraded soils, saline soils, improving wash, wash methods of cleaning water. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
12 Improvement of boron soil ,the suitability level in healing substances, healing on sodium soils and giving homework topics. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory and internet browsing Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
Problem Solving
13 Improving saline-sodium soils, the regulation of field trials,washing total soluble salts, removal o sodification. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
14 Water pollution and the use of non-conventional water resources,pollution of water resources, water pollution from domestic and industrial waste. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
15 Regulations related to environmental pollution, laws and regulations ,use of, non-traditional water, the use of waste water. Relevant sections of the course grade, application of laboratory Lecture
Question-Answer
Demonstration
16-17 Final Exam Final Exam Testing

Recommended or Required Reading
Textbook
Additional Resources