COURSE INFORMATON
Course Title Code Semester L+P Hour Credits ECTS
Pneumatic Systems For Automation MES   417 7 3 3 5

Prerequisites and co-requisites
Recommended Optional Programme Components None

Language of Instruction English
Course Level First Cycle Programmes (Bachelor's Degree)
Course Type
Course Coordinator Prof.Dr. Necdet GEREN
Instructors
Prof.Dr.NECDET GEREN1. Öğretim Grup:A
Prof.Dr.NECDET GEREN2. Öğretim Grup:A
 
Assistants
Goals
The main aim of the lecture is to teach fundamental principles of pneumatics for designing pneumatic systems and using them for solutions in industrial automation and mechatronic applications.
Content
INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES IN PNEUMATICS DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVES LINEAR ACTUATORS (CYLINDERS) FLOW CONTROLS FOR PNEUMATICS AIR MOTORS PNEUMATIC SENSORS CIRCUIT PRESENTATION AND CONTROL PROBLEM ANALYSIS PNEUMATIC STEP COUNTER CIRCUIT DESIGN THE CASCADE SYSTEM OF PNEUMATIC SEQUENTIAL CONTROL COMBINATIONAL CIRCUIT DESIGN DESIGN OF PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS AND DESIGN EXAMPLES

Learning Outcomes
1) Knows the basic principles of hydraulic and pneumatic technologies.
2) Selects and suggests the pneumatic or hydraulic technology depending on the industrial application conditions
3) Knows the pneumatic direction control valves types and selects the appropriate one.
4) Selects lineer (cylinders) actuators and rotary (kompressor, pump,etc.) based on the external force requirements
5) Knows the varieties of flow control valves and applies them.
6) Applies pneumatic contact and non-contact types of sensors in automation solutions.
7) Analyse pneumatic circuit diagrams and detects the design errors.
8) Design pneumtaic step counter circuit design
9) Suggest pneumatic otomation solutions for industrial automation and mechatronic applications.
10) Design pneumatic systems above intermediate level.
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Course's Contribution To Program
NoProgram Learning OutcomesContribution
12345
1
Student become equipped with the basic knowledge of math, science and engineering
X
2
Students gain a command of basic concepts, theories and principles in mechanical engineering
X
3
Students are able to design and carry out experiments in the basic fields of mechanical engineering, and interpret the results and the data obtained from the experiments
X
4
Students become equipped with a variety of skills and knowledge regarding engineering techniques
X
5
Students are able to design a system, component or process in order to meet the needs of various engineering problems within technical, economic, environmental, manufacturability, and sustainability limits.
X
6
Students independently review and learn the applications in an enterprise, make a critical assessment of the problems faced with, formulate problems and propose solutions by selecting the proper technique
X
7
Students take initiative in identification, design, development and use of a product or production process.
X
8
Students become aware of the necessity of lifelong learning and continuously self-renew
X
9
Students use English effectively for technical or non-technical topics orally or in wirtten form.
X
10
Students become effective in using computer, computer-aided drafting, design, analysis, and presentation
X
11
Students have good communicatino skills with a tendency to work in teams, and are able to work effectively as a member of an interdisciplinary team
X
12
Students become aware of the technical and ethical responsibilities, as well as being inquisitive and innovative
X

Course Content
WeekTopicsStudy Materials _ocw_rs_drs_yontem
1 INTRODUCTION, the aim of the lecture, industrial examples, Selection criteria for pneumatics and hydraulic systems, symbolic representation examples Study reference book chapter 1
2 PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES IN HYDRAULICS and PNEUMATICS, Transmission of Force by Fluids, Flow and Pressure Drop, Flow through an Orifice to Atmosphere, Compressed Air, Atmospheric Pressure,Vacuum Pressure,Gauge Pressure Versus absolute Pressure Study reference book chapter 1
3 Pressure in Liquids, Gas (Boyle's,Charles',Gay-Lussac's) Law Advantages of Pneumatic Power Transmission, Transmission of Power, The Basic Concept of a Pneumatic System Study reference book chapter 1
4 DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVES; Valve Symbols, Valve Switching Positions, Valve Ports and Port Labeling,Valve Mechanism, Normally Closed and Normally Open Valves,Methods of Valve Actuation, Spring-Actuated Valves, Spool Valves, Flat Slide Valves,Poppet Valves, Spool/Poppet Valves, Friction Free Valves, Cross-Over Condition. Study reference book chapter 2, solve homework for article transfer from a conveyor.
5 Special Center Condition,Valve Conversion, Control Actuator, Circuit Labelling, Position Sensed Control, ''AND'' Function Valve, ''OR'' Function Valve, Time Delay Valves, Impulse Valve, Timer and Impulse Valve in Series Arrangement, pressure Sensing Valve, Time Study reference book chapter 2, solve homework for bus-dor.
6 LINEAR ACTUATORS; Single ve Double Acting Actuators, Pneumatic End-Position Cushioning, Seals in Linear Actuators, Actuator Construction, Actuator Failure, Special Actuators, Impact Cylinder, Rodless Actuators, Swivel Actuator, Locking Units for Pneumatic Actuators, Actuator Sizing, Calculation of External Forces (Load) Study reference book chapter 3
7 Static Thrust Force Calculation, Relationship of Pressure to Load, Dynamic Thrust Force calculations, Effects of Undersizing an Actuator Speed Control and Impact Control,Conclusion to Thrust Force Calculations, Piston Rod Buckling, air Consumption Calculations Study reference book chapter 3
8 FLOW CONTROL VALVES; Simple Restrictor Type Flow Control, Variable Restrictor with Free Reverse Flow, Cam Roller Operated Flow Control, Quick Exhaust Speed Control, Hydraulic Check Speed Control, Installation Methods for Restrictor Type Flow Control, Meter-In Speed Control, Meter-Out Speed Control, Power Valve Exhaust Port Speed Control, System Sizing, Pneumatic End-Cushioning, Summary of Speed Control Types, Summary of Installation Methods. Study reference book chapter 4, solve pick and place example as homework, Study provided addional dokuman
9 AIR MOTORS; Torque (Turning Moment), Motor Speed, Power Output, Vane Motors, Gear Motors, Radial Piston Motors, Axial Piston Motor, Turbine Motors, Pressure and Air Flow, Regulation on Air Motors, Data at Different Air Pressures, Air Motor Performance Comparison, Air Motor Sizing and Torque Calculations, hydraulic pumps and motors. Study reference book chapter 5
10 PNEUMATIC SENSORS; Contact sensing; One-Way Trip and Roller Valve, Back Pressure Sensor, Liquid Level Sensors, Non -contact senssors, Proximity, Gap, Air Barrier. Amplifier Valves, Single and Two Stage Amplifies, Pneumatic Reed Sensor, Reduction of air Consumption,Valve Mounting and Actuation Study reference book chapter 6
11 MIDTERM EXAM and LABORATUAR WORK; pre-designed pneumatic circuits will be set-up in an application rig as industrial application Lab hand outs for pneumatic and electropneumatics are to be studied
12 CIRCUIT PRESENTATION AND CONTROL PROBLEM ANALYSIS; Methods of Circuit Layout and Presantation, Recommendations for Circuit Array, Control Problem Analysis, SYMBOLS AND DIAGRAMS; Schematic layout, Program flowchart Logic diagram, Functional Diagram, Circuit diagram, List of equipment Study reference book chapter 7 and chapter 16, Study provided addional dokuman
13 PNEUMATIC STEP-COUNTER CIRCUIT DESIGN; Traverse-time daigram, opposing signals, step counter circuit design method, Logic switching equations for step-counter circuit design, repeated and simultaneous actuator movements, series connections of AND functions Study reference book chapter 8
14 Identical ''AND'' function, time-delayed sequencing, woodpecker motion control, emergency stop with step-counter, various emergency and cycle selection modules, stop modules, commercial step-counter modules, etc. CASCADE CONTROL Study reference book chapter 8 and chapter 9,
15 FINAL EXAM STUDY all chapter well
16-17 RE-FİNAL EXAM STUDY all chapter well

Recommended or Required Reading
Textbook
Additional Resources